Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is one of the Lung Disease and it is characterized by long term breathing problems and poor airflow.
There are two most common conditions that contribute to COPD.
1) Emphysema- damage to the air sacs in the lungs
2) Chronic bronchitis- long term inflammation of the airways
COPD is a progressive disease, meaning it typically worsens over time. Eventually day to day activities such as walking or getting dressed become difficult.
COPD is not simply a “smoker’s cough” but an under- diagnosed, life threating lung disease.
COPD happens when the lungs become inflamed, damaged and narrowed. The main cause is smoking, although the conditions can sometimes affect people who never smoked. Some cases of COPD are caused by long term exposure to harmful fumes or dust. Others are the result of a rare genetic problem which means lungs are more vulnerable to damage.
Exposure to tobacco smoke
People with asthma
Occupational exposure to dusts and chemicals
Exposure to fumes from burning fuel
COPD symptoms often don’t appear until significant lung damage has occurred, and they usually worsen over time, the main symptom is a daily cough and sputum production at least three months a year for two consecutive years.
Other signs and symptoms of COPD may include:
Shortness of breath especially during physical activities
A chronic cough that may produce mucus (sputum) that may be clear white, yellow or greenish
Blueness of the lips or fingernail beds (Cyanosis)
Frequent respiratory infections
Lack of energy
Unexplained weight loss in later stages
Swelling in ankles, feet or legs
Pulmonary function test - Spirometry is a simple test to diagnosed COPD in which how deeply a person can breathe and how fast air can move into and out of the lungs is measured. Such a diagnosis should be considered in any patient who has symptom of cough, sputum production or difficult breathing and a history of exposure to risk factor for the disease.
Antimonium Tart: Antimonium tart is best for COPD, where emphysema of the aged, coughing and gasping consequently. There is great rattling of mucus in the lungs and rapid, short, difficult breathing.
Antimonium Ars: antimonium ars is an excellent remedy for COPD. There is excessive dyspnea and cough with much mucus secretion, worse on eating or lying down,
Bryonia : a wonderful remedy in homoeopathic treatment for COPD in patients who have dry hacking cough with rust colored sputum. Any slightest motion seems to increase the complaints. Cough occurs immediately after entering a warm room. cough dry as if coming from stomach with stitches in side of chest. Thirst for large quantities of water at long intervals.
Rumex: indicated in patient who have dry teasing cough initially, followed by stringy cough. Complaints increase on talking, by pressure and in cold air.
Phosphorus: patient is young, tall, weak, narrow chest, anxious look with pale face. Bleeding tendency, sensitive to odors. Great anxiety about future & his own health, fear of darkness and being alone. Catches cold easily with desire for open air. Pain in chest worse by lying on left side, inspiration & cough.
Calcarea carb: Leuko-phlegmatic constitution, takes cold easily. People looks fat or very thin. Sweaty head on sleeping which soaks the pillow. Desire eggs. Affinity for right middle lobe of lung complaints. Dyspnea worse by by ascending stairs, exertion. Ice cold feet, wants to wear socks yet want to uncover them when warm.
Coca: coca is prescribed for COPD where there is want of breath or shortness of breath. Coca is especially useful for aged sports men and alcoholics. there is hoarseness or loss of voice and dyspnea.
Curare: Threatened cessation of respiration on falling asleep. and Short breath, short dry cough, very distressing dyspnea.
Senega: senega is another effective remedy with increased respiration. There is excessive dyspnea and sharp contractive pain in the muscles of the chest. With persistent cough.
Aspidosperma-Q: aspidosperma is one of the best remedies for COPD and it is considered a tonic for lung. Aspidosperma removes temporary obstruction to the oxidation of blood by stimulating respiratory centers. With want of breath during exertion.
Strychninum: Respiration increased. Excessive dyspnea. Sharp contractive pains in the muscle of chest. Persistent cough.
Dr. Rachana shrivastava
BSC .BHMS.PG Scholar
Department of Homoeopathic Materia-Medica
Govt. Homoeopathic Medical college Bhopal
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